Uptake Hazardous Dye from Wastewater Using Water Hyacinth as Bio-Adsorbent

Shahanaz Parvin 1, Afzal Hossen 1, Wasikur Rahman 1 * , Israfil Hossen 1, Abdul Halim 1, Biplob Kumar Biswas 1, Abu Shamim Khan 2

European Journal of Sustainable Development Research, Volume 3, Issue 1, Article No: em0065.

https://doi.org/10.20897/ejosdr/3917

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Abstract

The existing study demonstrates that water hyacinth (eichhorniacrassipes) is a potential adsorbent for the removal of Congo red dye from synthetic wastewater by batch process. The experiments were conducted to study the influence of various parameters such as initial dye concentration, pH, contact time and adsorbent dosage at different operating conditions. The effect of pH and dye concentration was found to be significant and the maximum removal was detected at pH 5 and concentration 100 ppm; considered to be optimum values. The removal of Congo red was consistent initially proportional to the adsorbent dosage. The adsorption process followed Langmuir adsorption isotherm model; point out that the process supported monolayer adsorption of Congo red on the adsorbent surface. Adsorption kinetics closely followed the pseudo-second-order model and mass transfer analysis indicated better transportation of adsorbate from solution phase to solid phase. These results point out suitability of the locally available low cost adsorbents in the niche area of wastewater treatment and can be implemented in commercial dye enriched industrial effluent.

Keywords

adsorption, water hyacinth, Congo red, kinetic study, isotherm, mass transfer

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Citation

Parvin S, Hossen A, Rahman W, Hossen I, Halim A, Biswas BK, et al. Uptake Hazardous Dye from Wastewater Using Water Hyacinth as Bio-Adsorbent. European Journal of Sustainable Development Research. 2019;3(1):em0065. https://doi.org/10.20897/ejosdr/3917

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